Source From HereQuestion
Is there any reason for a class declaration to inherit from object? I just found some code that does this and I can't find a good reason why.
In Python 3, apart from compatibility between Python 2 and 3, no reason. In Python 2, many reasons.
Python 2.x story:
In Python 2.x (from 2.2 onwards) there's two styles of classes depending on the presence or absence of object as a base-class:
1. "classic" style classes: they don't have object as a base class:
* Support for descriptors. Specifically, the following constructs are made possible with descriptors:
* The __new__ static method: lets you customize how new class instances are created.
* Method resolution order (MRO): in what order the base classes of a class will be searched when trying to resolve which method to call.
If you don't inherit from object, forget these. A more exhaustive description of the previous bullet points along with other perks of "new" style classes can be found here.
One of the downsides of new-style classes is that the class itself is more memory demanding. Unless you're creating many class objects, though, I doubt this would be an issue and it's a negative sinking in a sea of positives.
Python 3.x story:
In Python 3, things are simplified. Only new-style classes exist (referred to plainly as classes) so, the only difference in adding object is requiring you to type in 8 more characters. This:
In Python 2: always inherit from object explicitly. Get the perks.
In Python 3: inherit from object if you are writing code that tries to be Python agnostic, that is, it needs to work both in Python 2 and in Python 3. Otherwise don't, it really makes no difference since Python inserts it for you behind the scenes.