2017年3月20日 星期一

[Linux 文章收集] Protect SSH Logins with SSH & MOTD Banner Messages

Source From Here 
Preface 
One of the easiest way to protect and secure SSH logins by displaying warming message to UN-authorized users or display welcome or informational messages to authorized users

Being a system administrator whenever configure Linux servers I always use to configure a security banners for ssh logins. The banner contains some security warning information or general information. See my example banner message which I used for my all servers. 
  1. ALERT! You are entering into a secured area! Your IP, Login Time, Username has been noted and has been sent to the server administrator!  
  2. This service is restricted to authorized users only. All activities on this system are logged.  
  3. Unauthorized access will be fully investigated and reported to the appropriate law enforcement agencies.  
There are two way to display messages one is using issue.net file and second one is using MOTD file. 
* issue.net : Display a banner message before the password login prompt.
* motd : Display a banner message after the user has logged in.

So, I strongly recommended all system administrator to display a banner messages before allowing users to log in to systems. Just follow below simple steps to enable SSH logging messages. 

Display SSH Warning Message to Users Before Login 
To display Welcome or Warning message for SSH users before login. We use issue.net file to display a banner massages. Open the following file with VI editor
# vi /etc/issue.net
  1. ###############################################################  
  2. #                                                      Welcome to xxxx                                                           #   
  3. #                                   All connections are monitored and recorded                                         #  
  4. #                          Disconnect IMMEDIATELY if you are not an authorized user!                    #  
  5. ###############################################################  

Open the master ssh configuration file and enable banners. 
# vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config
  1. ...  
  2. Banner /etc/issue.net  
  3. ...  

Next, restart the SSH daemon to reflect new changes. 
# /etc/init.d/sshd restart

Now try to connect to server you will see banner message similar to below. 

Display SSH Warning Message to Users After Login 
To display banner messages after login, we use motd file, which is used to display banner massages after login. Now open it with VI editor. 
# vi /etc/motd
  1. ###############################################################  
  2. #               Welcome to John's Lab                         #  
  3. #       All connections are monitored and recorded            #  
  4. #   Disconnect IMMEDIATELY if you are not an authorized user! #  
  5. ###############################################################  

Now again try to login into server you will get both the banner messages. See the screenshot attached below. 

Supplement 
[Linux 文章收集] Linux主機限制 root 不能使用 ssh

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