程式扎記: [Linux 文章收集] Tcpdump - how to fix the bad checksum problem

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2014年11月30日 星期日

[Linux 文章收集] Tcpdump - how to fix the bad checksum problem

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Preface
If you capture packets using tcpdump directly from the server, your capture file may contain bad checksums. This is because your OS is currently configured to use the hardware checksum offloading feature of the NIC. When this feature is enabled, expecting the NIC to rewrite the checksums, OS doesn't bother to fill (nor to reset) in the checksum fields. The problem is that tcpdump is capturing the packets before the checksums are rewritten by the NIC.

How-To
Use the following command to turn off the checksum offloading before using tcpdump (on ubuntu).
# sudo ethtool -K eth0 rx off tx off

If you already have a capture file not usable due to the wrong checksums, use the following command to repair the file.
$ sudo tcpreplay -i eth0 -F -w output.cap input.cap

Or
$ sudo tcprewrite -i input.cap -o output.cap -C


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