程式扎記: [gdb 命令] break : 設定中斷點

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2010年11月2日 星期二

[gdb 命令] break : 設定中斷點

語法 : 

break, b | Set break at a specified line or function.

有以下幾種設中斷點的方法 : (參考 這裡) 
break function 

Set a breakpoint at entry to function function. When using source languages that permit overloading of symbols, such as C++, function may refer to more than one possible place to break. See section Breakpoint menus, for a discussion of that situation.

break +offset
break -offset
 

Set a breakpoint some number of lines forward or back from the position at which execution stopped in the currently selected frame.

break linenum 

Set a breakpoint at line linenum in the current source file. That file is the last file whose source text was printed. This breakpoint stops your program just before it executes any of the code on that line.

break filename:linenum 

Set a breakpoint at line linenum in source file filename.

break filename:function 

Set a breakpoint at entry to function function found in file filename. Specifying a file name as well as a function name is superfluous except when multiple files contain similarly named functions.

break *address 

Set a breakpoint at address address. You can use this to set breakpoints in parts of your program which do not have debugging information or source files.

break 

When called without any arguments, break sets a breakpoint at the next instruction to be executed in the selected stack frame (see section Examining the Stack). In any selected frame but the innermost, this makes your program stop as soon as control returns to that frame. This is similar to the effect of a finish command in the frame inside the selected frame--except that finish does not leave an active breakpoint. If you use break without an argument in the innermost frame, GDB stops the next time it reaches the current location; this may be useful inside loops. GDB normally ignores breakpoints when it resumes execution, until at least one instruction has been executed. If it did not do this, you would be unable to proceed past a breakpoint without first disabling the breakpoint. This rule applies whether or not the breakpoint already existed when your program stopped.

break ... if cond 

Set a breakpoint with condition cond; evaluate the expression cond each time the breakpoint is reached, and stop only if the value is nonzero--that is, if cond evaluates as true. `...' stands for one of the possible arguments described above (or no argument) specifying where to break. See section Break conditions, for more information on breakpoint conditions.

使用範例 : 
* 在程式某行數設斷點 : 
 
 

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